Mass Media definition Sociology
A medium is a means of communication such as print, radio, or television. The mass media are defined as large-scale organizations which use one or more of these technologies to communicate with large numbers of people (‘mass communications’). Dependent upon innovations in the electronics and chemicals industries, the period between 1860 and 1930 was a formative moment for the mass media. These years saw the development and introduction of still photography, moving photography (cinema), cable telegraphy, wireless telegraphy, the phonograph, the telephone, radio, and television. These new technologies formed part of the wider transformation in popular culture during this period and typified the new more intensive capitalization of the leisure industries and their associated concern to address mass audiences.
As defined by C. Wright Mills in The Power Elite (1956), the mass media have two important sociological characteristics: first, very few people can communicate to a great number; and, second, the audience has no effective way of answering back. Mass communication is by definition a one-way process. Media organizations are bureaucratic and (except in societies where all media are state-controlled) corporate in nature. Media output is regulated by governments everywhere, but the restrictions vary from very light advisory regulation (for example no cigarette advertising or nudity on TV), to the most comprehensive forms of censorship in totalitarian societies.
Mass media dominate the mental life of modern societies, and therefore are of intense interest to sociologists. From the earliest studies in the 1930s, the main concern was with the power implicit in new media technologies, especially radio and television. Adolf Hitler's successful use of radio for propaganda was an object lesson in the possible dangers. The concept of mass society added force to the idea that the electronic media might create an Orwellian situation of mind control, with passive masses dominated by a tiny elite of communicators.craigslist pets reno league of legends pets wonder pets! prehistoric pets preuss pets pets 2 cast craigslist pets tacoma all about pets yakima craigslist pets friendly pets visalia craigslist pets craigslist pets knoxville craigslist sacramento pets exotic pets for sale penthouse pets nude craigslist fort wayne pets chattanooga craigslist pets conan exiles pets craigslist syracuse pets entirely pets albuquerque craigslist pets pets r us are ferrets good pets terraria pets pets place reptile pets memphis craigslist pets ithaca craigslist pets lol pets craigslist pets for sale next day pets lizard pets wow pets how to get free pets in adopt me pets on broadway cool pets types of pets pets alive funniest pets blanket for pets craigslist fort collins pets petco pets chinchillas as pets craigslist boise pets weed killer safe for pets pets stores near me little live pets bird no more homeless pets roblox adopt me pets pets best login recycler pets super pets pictures with pets pennsylvania craigslist pets wow hunter pets secret life of pets characters craigslist louisville pets dc super pets easy pets to take care of adoption for pets big cats as pets support pets craigslist las vegas pets adopt me pets for sale seattle craigslist pets spotify pets scribble scrubbie pets las cruces craigslist pets hotels that allow pets oklahoma city pets - craigslist free pets hoobly pets